Manage TDR Indicators

In Threat Detection and Response, indicators are events received from Host Sensors and Fireboxes on your network and scored by the ThreatSync analytics engine. On the Indicators page, Operators can see all indicators in the system, create quick bar and pie charts, and complete bulk actions across hosts.

See Indicators

On the Dashboard page in the TDR web UI, you can see a summary of the indicators, and quickly go to a filtered view of the Indicators page. For more information, see TDR Dashboard. You can also go directly to the Indicators page and see all indicators.

  1. Select ThreatSync > Indicators.
    The Indicators page appears with the filter set to show all indicators in the last 24 hours with a score of 6 or higher .

Screen shot of the Indicators page

  1. Select a control at the top of the page to apply a filter to the list.
    • To change the date range, select the range at the top of the page.
    • To apply a filter to the Indicators list, select the controls in the column headings.
    • To search for indicators, in the Search text box type a word or value to search on.
      You can search for file names, MD5 values, IP address, DNS names, and URLs.
    • To clear all filters, click .

The Indicators list shows this status information and requested actions for each indicator:

  • Score — The threat score for this indicator.
    For more information, see About TDR Threat Scores.
  • Source — The source of the indicator: Host Sensor () or Firebox ().
  • Indicator — A indicator description. To see more details, click Additional Info. You can apply a filter this column for the indicator type, as described in the subsequent section.
  • Last Seen — The last time the indicator was received from the Host Sensor.
  • Sensor Status — The status of the Host Sensor.
    For more information, see Manage TDR Hosts and Host Sensors.
  • Host/IP — The host name or IP address of the host system.
  • Action Requested — The Machine Guided Action recommended by Threat Detection and Response for an indicator from a Host Sensor.
  • Outcome — Indicates the remediation action taken, if any. No Policy means that there is no policy to take action on this threat.
  • User — Indicates which user completed a remediation action. If Threat Detection and Response completes an action, the user is System.
  • Action Date — The date and time that the remediation action occurred.
  • For Further Investigation — Contains links you can click to search for the MD5 on Google, VirusTotal, and MetaScan.

Indicator Types

You can apply a filter to the Indicator column to see indicators by the indicator type.

You can also see the full log message generated by the Firebox for each network event on the Network Events page.
For more information, see See Network Events in TDR.

Indicator Scores

ThreatSync analytics assigns each indicator a score based on the severity of the threat. 10 is the highest level threat, and 2 is the lowest. ThreatSync assigns a score of 1 if an indicator was successfully remediated, and a score of 0 if an indicator is on the Whitelist.

For more information about indicator threat scores, see About TDR Threat Scores.

Actions

Each indicator is associated with a host. Indicators can be related to files or processes on a host, detected by a Host Sensor () or network events for traffic to or from a host, or detected by a Firebox () . For indicators reported by a Firebox, remediation actions are completed by the Firebox, based on the settings in the Firebox configuration. For example, APT Blocker, IPS, or Gateway AV could block access to a file, or WebBlocker could block access to a website. For indicators reported by a Host Sensor, the remediation action can be taken automatically by the Host Sensor, based on configured TDR policies, or you can take the requested action to remediate the threat from the Indicators page.

To see the history of actions for an indicator, in the Action Requested column for the indicator, click .

Indicator Details

To see more information about an indicator:

  1. Select ThreatSync > Indicators.
  2. In the Indicator column, click Additional info.
    The Additional Information dialog box appears.

Screen shot of the Additional  Info dialog box for an indicator from a Host Sensor

The additional information that appears depends on whether the indicator source was a Host Sensor or a Firebox.

Indicators from a Host Sensor —

For an indicator reported by a Host Sensor, the Additional Information dialog box shows information about how ThreatSync analytics calculated the indicator score. It shows information about three components of the score: Threat Feed, Malware Verification Service, and Heuristics. The status for each indicator is highlighted.

Threat Feed status options:

  • Not Matched — The file or process is not the same as anything in the Threat Feed
  • Matched — The file or process is the same as something in the Threat Feed

Malware Verification Service (MVS) status options:

  • Benign — MVS identified that the file or process is known to not be a threat
  • Unseen — MVS does not have information about the file or process
  • Potential — MVS identified that the file or process is a known potential threat
  • Malicious — MVS identified that the file or process is a known threat

Heuristics status options:

  • Below Threshold — The observed behavior of this file or process is not known to be suspicious
  • Suspicious — The observed behavior of this file or process is suspicious.

To see more information about the suspicious event, click Details.

If the hash for this indicator was found on other hosts, the top-right corner of the Additional Information dialog box shows the number of other host sensors that identified this indicator. To see a list of all hosts that identify this indicator, click Hash found on other host(s).

Indicators from a Firebox —

For an indicator reported by a Firebox, the Additional Information dialog box shows information about the threat reported by the Firebox.

Screen shot of the Additional Info dialog box for an indicator from a Firebox

You can see more details about network events identified by a Firebox on the Network Events page. For more information, see See Network Events in TDR.

Further Investigation

To further investigate an indicator, you can look up the MD5 value of the indicator on Google, VirusTotal, or MetaScan.

To look up the MD5 value for an indicator, in the For Further Investigation column click one of these links:

  • Search MD5 on Google
  • Search MD5 on VirusTotal
  • Search MD5 on MetaScan

Create and Export Indicator Charts

You can see the indicators as a bar chart, pie chart, or stacked time series chart. You can export the chart to a .PNG, .JPB, .GIF, or .PDF file.

To create a chart:

  1. Click the type of chart to generate:
    • — Bar Chart
    • — Pie Chart
    • — Stacked Bar Chart

The selected chart appears

Screen shot of an indicator pie chart

  1. To change the date range shown in the chart, select a date range at the top.
  2. From the Group By drop-down list, select how to group the data in the chart.
  3. From the Show drop-down list, select how many indicators to show in the chart.
  4. To export the chart, click and select the export file format: .PNG, .JPG, .GIF, or .PDF.
    The file is downloaded in the selected format.

Take Remediation Action

You can select actions to remediate indicators. The Action Requested column shows the recommended action to remediate an indicator reported by a Host Sensor. When you take the requested action, this is categorized as a machine guided remediation in the Remediations widget on the TDR Dashboard page.

The Actions drop-down list tells you how many of the selected indicators each action can apply to. You can select one of these actions:

Mark as externally remediated

Select this action if you have remediated the threat on the system itself. For example, if you have manually removed or ended the file or process specified in the indicator.

Whitelist

Select this action to add this indicator to the Whitelist as a known safe file or process. When you select this action, a whitelist signature override is created with the MD5 of the indicator. For more information about the Whitelist, see Configure TDR Signature Overrides

Kill process

Select this action to make the Host Sensor end the process specified in the indicator. This action applies to URL Match, Process, or Host Ransomware Prevention indicators. After the Host Sensor identifies the communication port, the Host Sensor ends the process that supports communication to the network port.

Quarantine File

Select this action to make the Host Sensor quarantine the file specified in the indicator. This action uses XOR to encrypt the content of a file so the file is not executable. The quarantined file remains on the host for the number of days specified in the Age Off For Quarantined Files setting. For more information, see Configure the Age Off For Quarantined Files.

If the Host Sensor quarantines a file, and you later decide the file is not a threat, you can go to the Incidents page to remove the file from quarantine. For more information, see Remove a File from Quarantine.

Delete Registry Value

Select this action to make the Host Sensor delete the registry value for the file or process specified in the indicator. This action deletes the registry value that references a malicious file.

The Kill Process, Quarantine File, and Delete Registry Value actions are the same actions you can configure in a policy. When you select these actions on the Indicators or Incidents pages, these actions are categorized as Machine Guided remediations.

To complete a machine guided action:

  1. Select the check box for one or more indicators.
  2. From the Actions drop-down list, select the action to complete.
    A confirmation dialog box appears, with a list of the indicators the selected action applies to.

Screen shot of the Confirm Action dialog box

  1. Click Execute Action.

After you successfully execute a remediation action, the score of the indicator is lowered, and the Outcome column shows that the action was successful.

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